Washington, June 24: The U.S. economy grew at a solid 6.4 per cent rate in the first three months of the year, setting the stage for what economists believe may be the strongest year for the economy in about seven decades.
Growth in the gross domestic product, the country’s total output of goods and services, was unchanged from two previous estimates, the Commerce Department said Thursday, an acceleration from the 4.3per cent pace of the fourth quarter.
Economists believe that economic growth has continued to accelerate in the current quarter, which ends this month, as vaccinations become widespread and Americans eager to get outside are being welcomed by newly re-opened businesses. Surging activity from consumers is being fueled in part by nearly USD3 trillion in financial support that the government has approved since December.
Additional economic data that emerged Thursday also points to a nation that has regained its footing quickly after being thwacked by a global pandemic, though jobless claims remain stubbornly above 400,000. US President Joe Biden Unveils New Anti-Crime Strategy Amid Soaring Gun Violence Across the Country.
“This summer will be hot for the U.S. economy,” said Lydia Boussour, lead U.S. economist for Oxford Economics. “As the health situation continues to improve, consumers sitting on piles of savings will give into the urge to splurge on services and experiences they felt deprived of during the pandemic.”
Boussour forecast that GDP growth in the current April-June quarter will surge to an annual rate of 12per cent and growth for the entire year will come in at 7.5per cent. That would be the best annual performance since 1951. Even economists whose forecasts for 2021 growth range from 6per cent to 7per cent believe growth this year will be the best since a 7.2per cent gain in 1984, when the U.S. was emerging from an extended and painful recession.
Economists believe growth this quarter will be enough to push GDP output above the previous peak reached at the end of 2019 before the pandemic struck and cut off the longest economic expansion in U.S. history.
The data released Thursday was government’s third and final look at first-quarter GDP, and arrived along side a separate report from the Commerce Department that showed May orders from U.S. factories for big-ticket manufactured goods rose for the 12th time in the last 13 months.
Orders for durable goods — meant to last at least three years — climbed 2.3per cent in May, reversing a 0.8per cent drop in April. That heated activity is taking place despite a backlogged supply chain and a shortage of workers.
Orders for aircraft shot up 27.4per cent last month after climbing 31.5per cent in April, the Commerce Department said. Excluding transportation orders — which can bounce wildly from month to month — durable goods orders rose 0.3per cent last month.
Factories anticipating a return to normalcy or better are ramping up operations to match demand as jobless claims continue to tick lower. The number of Americans applying for unemployment benefits dropped last week as the job market continues to heal, albeit more slowly than many economists expected at this point in the recovery.
Jobless claims fell just 7,000 from the previous week to 411,000, the Labor Department said Thursday. While that is far from the rush to work that has been anticipated for some time now, weekly claims have fallen steadily this year from about 900,000 in January.
Even if job growth has not met most expectations, Americans are spending money and lots of it as summer kicks off. Consumer spending, which accounts for more than two-thirds of economic activity, grew at a sizzling annual rate of 11.4per cent in first three months of the year, the Commerce Department said Thursday. It’s likely that some of that spending is being juiced by a round of USD1,400 individual payments that were included in the USD1.9 trillion support package Congress passed in March.
The first-quarter spending gain reflected increases in goods purchases, led by auto sales, and gains in spending on services, led by food services and travel accommodations, two areas that have benefited from the re-opening of the economy as vaccinations have increased. Miami Building Collapse: 1 Dead After Condo Tower Crashes Down in Florida, Firefighters Pull Survivors From Debris; Rescue Operation Underway.
Business investment grew at a strong 11.7per cent rate, better than the previous estimate of 10.8per cent growth, while government spending increased at a 5.7per cent rate, slightly below last month’s estimate of a 5.8per cent gain.
The trade deficit grew in the first quarter, subtracting 1.5 percentage points from growth, as a recovering U.S. economy attracted rising imports while U.S. exporters struggled with weaker overseas demand.
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