The European Space Agency has chosen an astronaut with a physical disability for the first time, as one of six new trainees for space missions
23 November 2022
The European Space Agency (ESA) has announced its newest astronauts, including the first ever astronaut with a physical disability.
John McFall, from the UK, had his right leg amputated after a motorcycle accident at age 19. He is a surgeon who has represented Great Britain and Northern Ireland as a Paralympic sprinter.
The other astronauts are engineer and pilot Sophie Adenot from France, aerospace engineer Pablo Álvarez Fernández from Spain, astronomer Rosemary Coogan from the UK, biomedical engineer Raphael Liegeois from Belgium and doctor Marco Sieber from Switzerland.
The total distribution of astronauts was around half men and half women.
“This selection was about talent and about capabilities to be a fantastic astronaut, but I’m also very proud that it happens to be a very good distribution of genders,” ESA director-general Josef Aschbacher said at a press conference.
ESA also announced astronauts that will enter its new astronaut reserve, which is made up of people who made it through the entire selection process but weren’t chosen for full-time service.
After announcing last year that it would be selecting new astronauts for the first time since 2008, ESA received more than 22,500 applications from 25 countries, 17,126 of which were men and 5397 women.
There were 257 applications specifically for the role of “parastronaut”, which ESA confined to people with lower limb deficiencies. This was defined as either a single or double foot deficiency through the ankle or below the knee, a pronounced leg length difference or a height below 130 centimetres.
The successful astronauts had to make it through six stages. After the initial screening, the first group of candidates went for a full day’s psychological performance testing, to see if they could cope with the stresses of spaceflight. This group was then whittled down to just over 400, who then went for more psychological interviews and group tests. Those who passed were subjected to medical tests and, if they passed, invited to a final round of recruitment interviews.
The successful applicants will undergo a year-long basic training course at ESA’s European Astronaut Centre in Cologne, Germany.
When they have finished their training, they will be assigned to missions, including stays on the International Space Station.
ESA has already selected astronauts for its Artemis mission to the moon, but if this mission is successful, the new astronauts could join future moon missions.
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